Aquatic plants are used to keep a freshwater aquarium looking natural, vibrant and lively. They oxygenate the water and provide natural water filtration that helps keep the fish healthy. Most freshwater aquarium plants are either fully or partially submerged and provide a habitat for fish, especially baby fish (fry) and invertebrates, some of which also eat the plants. Aquatic plants are essential for a healthy environment as they provide fish with comfort, safety, food, caring environment and a breeding ground.
There are many types of freshwater aquarium plants available that are easy to grow in any kind of water and some that are almost impossible to kill.
Below is a list of the 10 best freshwater plants for your aquarium:
1. Anacharis Elodea Densa
Easy to grow quickly with branches that break off to form new plants. They anchor themselves with their roots and can simply be dropped into the water as soil is not necessary for their survival.
2. Marimo Moss Balls
Beautiful deep green with a unique spherical shape that is ideal for decoration. They are easy to maintain as they require no special light or fertilizer and removes phosphates and nitrogen for increased water quality. They reduce algae by competing for nutrients and are particularly loved by snails and shrimps who graze on them for biofilm.
3. Luffy Coco Mini Moss
Luffy Coco is a stand-alone plant that doesn’t need to be anchored as it comes attached to a coconut husk. Just place it at the bottom of the aquarium or tie it to mesh and watch its small feathery leaves create a beautiful green wall. This is a slow growing moss that is very hardy but lasts very long.
4. Luffy Coco Philippines Java Fern
The natural dark green color of the fern looks great when mixed with other plants for contrast. Java ferns need to be anchored down without covering the roots. A naturally hardy plant, it is easy to care for and does well in low light and can grow up to 12 inches.
5. Staurogyn Repens
This is a hardy aquarium plant suitable for foreground planting with a low, compact, bushy structure. The small green leaves have upright shoots that need to be trimmed occasionally. New horizontal creeping shoots will form from the base of the plant and gradually spread along the floor of the aquarium.
6. Ludwigia Ovalis
A stunning and colorful stem plant, this slow growing variety ranges in color from orange to red depending on the environment and light in the aquarium. They do best in a rich nutrient substrate and in medium to high light with CO2 injected into the water.
7. Red Flame Sword
An easy to grow and care for plant species with red leaves that will come out once it has become acclimatized to the water in the aquarium. It creates a natural habitat for fish and invertebrates and is suitable for medium to large aquariums.
8. Potted Tall Hairgrass
These aquatic plants are organically grown in the U.S. without pesticides or chemicals to make it safe for fish and invertebrates. The beautiful green hairy grass makes an aquarium look natural and is perfect for use as background plants in taller aquariums.
9. Aponogeton Ulvaceus Bulb
This potted freshwater aquarium plant comes ready to plant by submerging the bulb into the water. It will start growing after one week and become quite large under proper conditions. This hard-to-find aquatic plant will make your aquarium stand out and is suitable for large 10+ gallon tanks.
10. Hornwort (Ceratophyllum Demersum)
Hornwort provides a natural hiding and resting place for small fish and invertebrates and is suitable for medium aquariums of 5+ gallons. The Ceratophyllum Demersum species of Hornwort is different from pond hornwort and is grown specifically for use in aquariums. Its beautiful green, fernlike leaves will beautify any aquarium.